Refugee status is an official status that allows a person to legally stay in the country and later apply for citizenship. However, it is quite difficult to get this status. You need to prove that you can be in real danger in your country and you can not return there. The process of obtaining this status is quite long. Here are the main steps (if you’re already in the country):
1.Find the nearest Home Office.
2.Take a first quick screening interview in Home Office
3.Take a second screening interview by phone (couple of months after first)
4.Take a third last big interview with officer of Home Office (I don’t know how long do you need to wait for this interview, I’m already waiting for 2 months and I know people who are waiting for 8 and more months)
5.Wait for results (I thought it takes not longer than a month, but my lawyer says it possible to wait up to six months 🤷)
6.If the result is positive you may start doing documents for residence. If negative you need to go to court (up to six months of waiting, without guarantees of a positive decision), or return home.
All the time, from the first point to the last one, you are not in the status of a refugee, but in the status of an asylum seeker. This means that you don’t have the right to work (at least the first year being in the country, then in some exceptions they may allow you to work, but they have a list of jobs you may do) and you are under the supervision of the authorities.
Here are the main steps if you’re not in the country yet:
1.Get a visa. Often people cross the border illegally and they still can claim asylum. But this fact may affects on the decision of officer or court. Both in the refugee case or the case of giving you a citizenship. 2.Do not cross the border, but at the registration desk at the airport, at the land border, say that you want to seek asylum. It’s usually enough to say “asylum” or “refugee” to be understood.
3.Wait for the officer. An officer will come up to you and organize all the necessary arrangements to transfer you to the Home Office, then just wait first short interview and the rest of the stages are the same as if you were applying in the country.
Yes, it would seem nothing complicated, but in fact it requires a lot of emotional costs. Especially waiting (the hardest thing for me, I’m very impatient). Would you ever be able to take such a step?